1.- Plaza 25 de Mayo. Av. Maipú y 25 de Mayo.

At the center of the square you can see the sculpture "Ona al acecho" or (Stalking Ona). Close to it you will see the Philco´s "time capsule", a steel container with six video lasers with a copy of a TV program televised in 1992 with messages of hundreds of Argentineans. An inscription suggests "do not open until October 12, 2492".
Finally, on one end of the square you can see the busts of Augusto Lasserre, Commander of the expeditionary division to the South Atlantic, José de San Martín, General and Argentine patriot, America´s Liberator and Almirante Guillermo Brown, founder of the Argentinian navy.

2.- Obelisk. (Historical Site). Plaza 12 de Octubre. Av. Maipú y Lasserre.

It evokes the first time the Argentine flag was raised in Tierra del Fuego, during the expedition under the command of Commodore Augusto Lasserre, in which the Naval Sub-Prefecture was created on October 12, 1884. From that moment on, Ushuaia celebrates a new anniversary on that date.

3.- Provincial Legislature. (National Historic Monument). Av. Maipú 465.
It was in 1894, the official residence of the Governor Pedro Godoy (1894), third governor of Tierra del Fuego. It was remodeled to house government offices, after a fire destroyed the first Government House on June 30, 1920. In 1976 it moved to the current building, while the Police Headquarters occupied the house until 1983, when the Provincial Legislature moved to its new quarters. It is now open to visitors as a historic site, where the Governors and the Legislature halls will revive the political history of Tierra del Fuego. Painting and photographic exhibitions also take place here.

4.- Gamela policial. Av. Maipú 367.
This house was built around 1910, and it was the residence of the Ramos family and later a general store. In 1937, the house was bought by the Mata family and years later became government property. It is a two-story building with a wide front facing the bay, flanked by two towers. The three access doors present curious carvings that it is believed to have been done by the prisoners.

5.- Pena family's old residence. Av. Maipú 263.
Built in 1928 by Lisandro García. This building housed a Justice of the peace and Customs. Finally, in 1955 it became a family house. Compact layout and attractive roof, with a body that protrudes from the front and used as an access hall.

6.- Scale Model Museum. Rivadavia 56.
You can appreciate here reproductions in a scale 1:15 of true sites where the Yámana lived and carried out their activities. One of the halls shows a map representing one of the most accepted theories on how these lands were populated. Additionally, information on the first inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego is available.

7.- End of the World Museum. Av. Maipú y Rivadavia.

This building shows certain features of Norman architecture. The front of the building boasts a transition hall represented by a glass porch with double stairs. It was built in 1903 for the later Governor Don Manuel Fernández Valdés. In 1911, the building was acquired by the Banco de la Nación Argentina (Argentina's National Bank) for its local branch that operated here from 1915 through 1978, date on which it was transferred to the End of the World Museum. It is one if the first stone constructions, that used laborers from the local prison.
The museum has 5 rooms with information about the prison and the origins of the city, history of shipwrecks on the fueguine coasts and gold diggers in the north of the island, in addition to an exhibition of most of the species of the local fauna. There is a library and a reading room. More than 5,000 books and history, geography, flora and fauna can be reviewed.

8.- Pastoriza family's old residence. Av. Maipú 91.

On February 13, 1913, Don Saturnino Pastoriza and family arrived in Ushuaia from Vigo, Galicia. He was part of a contingent of approximately 400 people that belong to a company that had the intention of installing a sardine canning factory. This project was a failure, since the sardines never showed up. In spite of this, the family settled permanently in the area buying this house that had been built in 1918. Declared City's National Heritage, is one of the representatives of fueguine architecture.

9.- Cortés family's old residence. (Restaurant "Volver"). Av. Maipú 37.

Old house built at the beginning of the century by Ramón Cortés, the prison's second in command and the city's first police chief, married to María Sánchez Caballero, the first school teacher of the city. The prison was occupied by inmates after the closing of the prison in 1947. Doña Rafaela Ishton, one of the last Selknam women, resided here until 1985. From 1990, after housing a coffee house, it became a well known restaurant.

10.- Prison for Repeat Offenders. (National Historic Monument). Gobernador Paz y Yaganes.

In 1899, the history of penal institutions in Tierra del Fuego begins, with the first installation in Isla de los Estados, later moved to Bahía Golondrina and finally to Ushuaia. The fact is that until its closing in 1947, the prison constituted the socio-economic axis of life in the province.

Initially it was an institution for repeat offenders, and then the military prison was incorporated. Dangerous criminals passed through its cells. The founding stone was placed in September 1902.
Today, the Maritime Museum occupies the old prison. Its halls exhibit naval models, and you can obtain information on the contact with aborigines and human settlement on these lands. Since 1998, the Museum exhibits an exact replica of the Lighthouse at the End of the World, guide to navigators and a symbol of the mystery that surrounded Isla de los Estados. On the other hand, the art gallery exhibits works of numerous local artists.

11.- Blanco family's old residence.

Named Villa Julieta in honor of the daughter, the residence was sold several times and finally acquired by the provincial government.
Originally located at Gobernador Deloqui and Juana Fadul streets, it was the seat of the Provincial Institute of Languages until bought by the Council of Professional Architects of Ushuaia, which moved it to the prison premises, where it stands today.
Its covered porch with an arched roof and upper triangular windows are some of the unusual details that make this construction a curious architectural testimony of old Ushuaia. This house was built by prison inmates for the old prison accountant.

12.- Leviñanco family's old residence. Gobernador Paz 56.

Old family residence probably built around 1926. It is one of the most beautiful examples of fueguine architecture. It has a multiple gable roof with steep slopes. In the main access, you can see the attic with an octagonal rosette window.

13.- Canga family's old residence. Gobernador Paz y Roca.

This house belonged to Don José Canga Quiñones, who arrived very young to these lands in 1910. He was a carpenter and worked at the prison´s shop. In 1912, he decided to embark on the "Presidente Sarmiento" to return to Asturias and never come back. He was annoyed by the daily routine on the island and was longing to return to his far homeland. His desire to return was so strong that before boarding the ship, he took his shoes off and shook the dust off them. He would not even take with him the soil of this place. He never imagined that the ship would run aground a few hours after departure in Punta Remolino (where you can still see it).
The young carpenter had to return to his activities and definitely settled in the city. In 1940, his son Vicente installs in this house the Second District de the National Directorate of Roads and later, it becomes his residence until today.

14 .- Calderón family's old residence. Gobernador Deloqui 402.
This is another typical residence covered with corrugated iron. Ceiling chandeliers stand out and the side hall, oriented in such a way to avoid the strong local winds.

15.- Muñoz family's old residence. Gobernador Deloqui y 25 de Mayo.

Built in the thirties by Don Juan Nirici, Croatian carpenter. It was the seat of the Chilean Consulate. It is a residence of a compact plant, gabled roof and corrugated iron exterior that has suffered important functional modifications during the later years.
This residence belonged to Don José Boscovich, of Yugoslav nationality, who after living in Punta Arenas he came to work in gold mines north of the island. He came to Ushuaia in 1915 and settled here permanently.

16.- Fadul family's old residence. Juana Fadul 156.

Built by the Fadul family, which still owns the house. Of Lebanese descent, they established themselves in Ushuaia in 1913. At first, Mr. Barcleit Fadul worked as a house-to-house salesman, until he opened a general store, while he was building this house. It has a rectangular layout, and has a gable roof and the front has three entrances: two side entrances framed by a window and the main entrance with a bow window on the upper floor.

17.- Masciochi family's old residence. San Martín 857.
Built in 1892 by an Italian employee at the prison called Pedro Masciochi, whose daughter married Luis Fique, son of a flourishing businessman of the same name and first Argentinean to settle in Ushuaia. Don Pedro had arrived in Ushuaia from Italy at the beginning of the century to work in a sawmill at Puerto Brown.

18.- Iglesia Nuestra Señora de la Merced. (Church of Our Lady of Mercy).. San Martín y Don Bosco.
Due to the lack of comfort of the old temple built in 1886, located in Avenida Maipú - between Don Bosco and Juan Manuel de Rosas - the construction of a new building was decided in 1942, at the current location, on a site donated by the Fique family.
It took two years to build, with collaboration of the whole city. The tower clock started to function on the April 5, 1949, while the temple and parochial house were inaugurated on April 18. The temple measures 25 meters long by 10 meters wide, with the maximum height of 11 meters. A presbytery, an apse and a bell tower complete the church.

19.- Fique family's old residence. San Martín y Belgrano.

It belongs to one of the pioneer families, since Don Luis Fique arrived in 1884 with Lasserre's expedition as a Sub-Prefect; he had the honor to sign the foundation charter of the Sub-Prefecture on October 12 of that year. He was a highly respected man in Tierra del Fuego, enterprising and loved by the whole community.
He was the first Argentinean to settle in Ushuaia. He owned the grocery store that carries his name. This store had its own pier and was one of the most important at that time. The family also owned farm establishments in Isla Navarino (Chile) and in the Olivia river area, with a sawmill that provided construction material for most of the city.

20.- Ushuaia´s Paseo del Centenario. San Martín y Gobernador Paz.

The main attraction of this promenade is the Monument to the 100 years of the foundation of the city, located on Gobernador Paz street. The spikes originating from different directions and that at one point rise upwards, represent the different groups arriving at different times in these lands. The spikes support a social and cultural structure that feeds day to day this soil with wisdom and spills onto the fountain which symbolically receives through the Pip and Olivia rivers the flows, framing and embracing this community. Surrounded by green spaces and recreation areas for the population, this work was completed in the year 2000.

21.- Beban¨s Old House Exhibition Center.

Built by Fortunato Beban between 1911 and 1913, who order the house through a catalog in Sweden. It was one of the most important and ambitious constructions in Ushuaia for a long time, and the proper place for a number of social events meaningful to the city. To avoid demolition, it was disassembled and reconstructed at the present Paseo Antiguos Pobladores. Today, is the venue of important cultural exhibitions.

22.- El Cruceiro Gallego.

The Cruceiro Gallego was a donation to the city of Ushuaia by the Centro de Galicia. This work of art was made in granite from Galicia, and is 6,50 meters high and weighs more than two tons. The sculpture was done by artists from the School of Quarry of Pontevedra.

23.- Plaza Gendarmería Nacional. Monument to Güemes.

As a custodian of the square and patron of the National Border Police, the bust of General Martín Miguel de Güemes, stands out. Through a sequence of arches in decreasing order, vertically as well as horizontally, force the view to concentrate on a vanishing point that converges to milestone XXVI. This perspective closes on the national flag, on a platform elevating from the ground.

24.- Plazoleta Luis Fique. Av. Maipú y Pasaje L. Fique.

Bust to the memory of Prefect L. Fique, Argentinean pioneer that lived between 1849 and 1923. It was placed in the entrance of the walkway crossing the deeper part of the Ushuaia Bay.

25.- Monument to the Anglican Missionaries. Guardiamarina Davison s/n°.

It marks the site where the Stirling house was located and built in 1869. It was the first family house built in our city, named then the "Iron house". The old mission was a place occupied by the Anglicans, In January 1869, Waite Sterling, first white man that that succeeds in living among the natives of Tierra del Fuego, he settled on this site with a group of collaborators, and fifteen years later the city of Ushuaia was born.

26.- Islas Malvinas Monument. (National Historic Monument). Av. Maipú y Patagonia.


Inaugurated on April 2, 1994, this monument is facing the Malvinas archipelago, a type of a ship´s bow points in the same direction.

27.-Torres family's old residence. Av. Maipú 1147.

This site had for some time a three-story building that was built to house a novitiate that never opened. Then the hotel "Las 14 provincias" functioned here. Later it was disassembled and with some of the material three identical houses were built of which two are still standing. This is one of those houses.
The Torres family arrived in Ushuaia in 1930 and went to live on San Martín Ave, at an electric material store.

28.- Gómez family's old residence. Piedrabuena 44.

His house was twin to the previous one (N° 27), with some differences of which the most important is the original fence made with artistic wire.
Additionally, it repeats the decoration of the ledge on both windows, the porch roof is dark metal, among other small details.

29.- Otero family's old residence. Av. Maipú y Piedrabuena.

Don Perfecto Celso Otero was born in Pontevedra, Spain in 1891. Since he was young he grew familiar with the sea. He arrived in Buenos Aires in 1915, where he learned about Ushuaia, and right after his marriage with María Lucilda Saldivia Torres, he headed for Ushuaia. On this site, he opened a seafood canning factory, and was not until 1940 that he built the house today occupied by one of his descendants.

30.- Ushuaia´s old temple. Av. Maipú 830.

Consecrated on December 24, 1898, this building was a venue of the most important events for many years.
In 1949, a new parish is inaugurated, larger and more comfortable to hold a growing population. The old temple closed down with the resulting deterioration with the years.
Years later, in 1997, a reconstruction begins and the building is re-inaugurated on December 24, 1998, a date coinciding with the one hundred anniversary of the building.
The main body is simple with gabled roof, nave of 7.10 x 18.20 mts (part is original construction), while the bell tower, 2.30 x 2.30 mts was rebuilt a year later than its original project.

31.- Saint Christopher tugboat.

This tugboat arrived in Ushuaia in 1953 to attempt refloating the passenger boat Monte Cervantes. It belonged to the Compañía Salvamar and unfortunately was not successful. The damage caused by the salvage maneuvers made departure impossible. The tugboat is now part the city's landscape.

32.- Salomón family's old residence. Av. Maipú 737.

Residence belonging to Don José Salomón, born in Lebanon in 1896, who arrived in 1913 after passing through several cities. In 1817 he bought this residence, where he opened a general store. The business was famous for the great variety of products for sale and remained open until 1970, still keeping its original appearance. The sign on the front of the store dates back to that date.

33.- Municipal Secretariat of Tourism. San Martín 674.

Until 1997, the Sarmiento Public Library functioned here; founded on November 8, 1926. The front, made of corrugated metal, maintains the features of its foundation. It has a multiple gable roof, a rosette in its front with split window. The access is through an intermediate hall, important element in fueguine architecture.

34.- Municipality of Ushuaia. San Martín 660.

It was known in the past as the "stone house", because the walls are built in stone. It is a square plant, with multiple gable roof and a glass tower at the top.
In spite of the remodeling of the front, the original construction dates back to 1903, as an initiative of the Prison warden for repeat offenders, Don Victorio Llorente. The stone masonry was also applied in the building of the Presidio.

35.- Buezas family's old residence (Bar Ideal). San Martín y Roca.

Juan Buezas was the steward at the prison since he came in 1929, at the age of 22. In 1937 he installed his house in the corner of San martin and Roca streets. Only in 1951, after remodeling the existing rooms, he opened the Barcito Ideal, that became very popular and lasted until today. It has a square plant, with subdivisions. The windows are not part of the original building

36.- Post Office. San Martín y Gobernador Godoy.

On February 6, 1891, the post office was created in an old building on Maipú Avenue, that was later destroyed by a fire. On July 7, 1920, this office was elevated to the fourth category. In 1933, this building is assigned to the Post Office, and continues to be there until today.

37.- Olmo family's old residence. San Martín y Antártida Argentina.

The building belonged to Don Pascasio Olmo, who arrived in the city in 1903 from Castilla la Vieja. He was hired as a policeman, and then he was transferred to the penal institution where he worked for more than 20 years reaching the position of Assistant Warden at the moment of his retirement. The store, today occupied by a video shop, maintains the same features as the original place.
This residence still maintains the artistic wire fence and part of the ornaments of the original front


38.- City Tour Double Decker

An interesting alternative to a tour of the most important historic points of the city is the Ushuaia Double Decker City Tour, that will take you to see the most relevant historic buildings and monuments. On the high season you can choose the day or night circuit that are eventually combined with museum visits. You will visit the most important downtown panoramic points, with explanations of the history of the population of the city